Recovering of BOG at LNG import and export terminals
Our Boil-Off Gas (BOG) Reliquefaction products are used to recover the BOG naturally generated by heat leaks into cryogenic Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) storage, and during ship loading and unloading phases. These solutions avoid unwanted BOG flaring, and can also be used for debottlenecking LNG export terminals. They also ensure that the LNG composition will remain identical over time, avoiding the well known “LNG ageing” phenomenon.
Two methods for recovering BOG
Air Liquide Engineering & Construction provides two proven technologies to help customers recover the BOG that is inevitably formed during periods when ultra low-temperature LNG is kept in storages.
The BOG reliquefaction unit is a technology that relies on proven reverse nitrogen Brayton cycle to reliquefy BOG. Depending on the available pressure of the BOG, process schemes with one or two expanders may be used. The use of a nitrogen cycle allows a broad flexibility of operation, which is very well suited since BOG flow can highly variate over time.
The second technology provided by Air Liquide Engineering & Construction, so-called “LIN to LNG box”, uses liquid nitrogen (LIN) as a cooling agent to recover BOG generated in LNG storages. Compared with a BOG reliquefaction unit, the technology offers the benefit of reduced initial investment cost, and is more suitable for moderate LNG storage capacity. It is typically the most adapted solution all along the small scale LNG chain.
Advantages of BOG Reliquefaction
Recovers BOG all along the LNG transport chain, from well to end user, therefore ensuring “zero flaring” logistics
Maintains LNG fuel specification
Helps debottleneck LNG export terminals
Capacity: 30 to 500 tons per day
BOG unit consumption: 500 to 800 kilowatts per hour / ton
LIN consumption: 2 tons of LIN per ton of reliquefied BOG